- Lead-organizer: Pakistan
- 11:00 - 12:30
- Date: 22 Jun 2012
- Room: P3-F
- 303Statement Plenary of Rio+20.doc
Statement by Federal Secretary, Ministry of Climate Change at the Plenary Meeting of the UNCSD (Rio+20)
Sustaining resilience - development in crisis
Organizing partners- Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan (Lead Organizer)
- Planning & Development Division, Govt. of Pakistan.
- Other Non-governmental Organizations
IntroductionSustaining resilience - development in crisis
Unique case of Pakistan sustaining its development in face of:
- Decade of uninvited natural calamities (Earthquake, Cyclones, Floods)
- Decade of Conflict and engagement in "war on terror" - Economic dampeners
- Forcibly superimpose on self inflicted challenges (population, weak governance, corruption)
Detailed programmePakistan is facing natural disasters since its inception. The different kinds of disasters like; floods, earthquakes and droughts. The flood in 1972, was a most destructive and catastrophic that made homeless more than five millions people. Then in 2010,the severity of this natural calamity was more than in the past. One fourth part of Pakistan was effected by this flood and more than ten million people remained homeless. The south part of the country, which is agriculture based and has poor people, faced its worst history. In 2005, earthquake in northern areas hit the vast population, almost a million people died and five million lost their homes, properties and business. These disasters effect every tier of life as economic, social, financial and agricultural. Pakistan's economy that was already in worst conditions, has become poorer than the past. The growth of Pakistan's economy in 2006-2007 was almost 6% annually, but now it is only on 3%. The flood of 2010 has severally smashed the agriculture sector which is back bone of Pakistan. More than 60% population of the country depends upon agriculture sector. The exports like textile goods, wheat and fruits etc of the country are also directly attached with this sector. So that industrial sector too has been gone one step back instead of ahead. The terrible economic and social consequences of the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan followed by unprecedented floods in 2010 demonstrate the frequency of natural disasters, especially over the last decade.
Pakistan's economy is under pressure of the War on Terror intensifying for last four years in Afghanistan. Since 2006, the War has spread like a contagion into settled areas of Pakistan that has so far, cost the country more than 35,000 citizens, 3500 security personnel, destruction of infrastructure, internal migration of millions of people from parts of northwestern Pakistan, erosions of investment climate, nose diving of production and growing unemployment and above all brought economic activity to a virtual standstill in many part of the country. Pakistan had never witnessed such devastating social and economic upheaval in its industry, even after dismemberment of the country by direct war.
For Pakistan, as with many other developing countries, pursuit of sustainable development has become more difficult, due to the combined affects and recurrence of natural and man-made disasters and crises in the past decade. Even though, Pakistan has taken several steps to achieve sustainable development. These steps or initiatives shall be deliberated in the side event with exclusive focus on sustainable development in post-disaster scenario.
The Speakers of this side event shall be experts from government as well as non-governmental organizations of Pakistan.