World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO)
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A - Renewed political commitment for sustainable development
Experiences
Question 1
Are there objective ways of measuring political commitment? What are the relevant indicators? Which indicators are most useful from your perspective? (e.g., New legislation enacted, Policy announcements, Budgetary allocation and support, Prominence of relevant institutions, Level of media interest, etc.)
Question 2
Based if possible on these indicators, how would you evaluate the political commitment today to sustainable development in the country(ies)/region(s) of interest to your group, compared to 1992? How would you evaluate the political commitment of the international community compared to 1992?

Success Factors
Question 3
What actions have been introduced in your country or region to strengthen political support for sustainable development?
Question 4
Are there specific industry sectors or resource areas (e.g., water, energy, biodiversity, other) where national political commitment to achieve sustainable development goals has been especially strong? If so, what factors explain that commitment?
Question 5
What examples or experiences from other areas demonstrate how political support for critical issues was enhanced (e.g., MDGs, climate change)? How could they be applied to SD?

Challenges
Question 6
Looking forward to the next 10 years, what are your government?s / organization's highest priorities for accelerating progress towards sustainable development?
Question 7
How can international cooperation strengthen support for sustainable development? What are your expectations for UNCSD in this regard?

Risks
Question 8
Among your country?s senior national policy makers, would you say the predominant view of the three pillars of sustainable development is that: ____there are difficult trade-offs among them? ____ they are strongly complementary? Please briefly elaborate on your answer.

B - Assessing progress and remaining gaps in implementation
Experiences
Question 1
What indicators or information on sustainable development have proven to be most useful for assessing gaps and progress towards sustainable development? Please rank according to importance with 1 = most important. Please also attach or provide a web link to relevant statistical databases.
  1. Economic Indicators (e.g., GDP growth, trade performance)
  2. Comprehensive Indicators (e.g., HDI, MDGs)
  3. Poverty Indicators (e.g., Headcount or other measure)
  4. Environmental Indicators (e.g., ESI, Footprint)
  5. Social Indicators (e.g., Unemployment, life expectancy)
  6. Results of Public Opinion Surveys
  7. Other


Question 2
What indicators of integrated goals and strategies have been most useful?

  1. Outcome indicators (e.g., correlation between indicators of economic, social, and environmental change))
  2. Commitment indicators (e.g., fiscal or other support for integrated sustainable development programmes))
  3. Institutional indicators (e.g., use of integrated strategies, establishment of coordination mechanisms, accountability arrangements))
  4. Information-related indicators (e.g., development of analytical and assessment tools, collection of data, investment in research))
  5. Other)


Question 3
Based as far as possible on these indicators, please provide an assessment of the progress made towards sustainable development over the past 18 years (1992-2010), (a) at the level of the country(ies) or regions of interest to your group, where relevant and (b) globally. Please attach any relevant technical studies or policy analyses. For each input, kindly provide the original article or url, and enter a short abstract.

Success Factors
Question 4
What factors explain progress in implementation?

  1. use of integrated strategies)
  2. generalized economic growth and prosperity)

  3. investment in technical and institutional capacity)
  4. financial support from international sources
  5. Other)



Question 5
Has your country / organization / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group introduced or promoted integrated planning and decision making for sustainable development? If so, under what title (NSDS, PRSP, Five Year Plan, NCS or NEAP, Other)? What are the lessons from this experience?
Question 6
Are there examples of strong public-private partnerships for sustainable development in your country / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group? How have these been promoted?
Question 7
Is the technical assistance from UN system entities a key factor in explaining success? If so, in what areas or sectors (e.g., MDGs, water, energy, health, agriculture, biodiversity, forests, climate change, jobs, other)?

Challenges
Question 8
What are the major barriers to implementation?
  1. inadequate coordination between ministries)
  2. low political priority for integrated decision making
  3. problems created by slow growth)
  4. lack of data)
  5. weak enforcement)
  6. inadequate or unpredictable international support)
  7. inadequate public awareness or engagement)
  8. Other)

Question 9
What steps need to be taken to address these barriers in an effort to bridge the implementation gaps?
Question 10
What are the main difficulties experienced in promoting integrated planning and decision-making?
Question 11
What further actions could be taken to promote effective voluntary actions and partnerships?

Risks
Question 12
What are the risks to sustained progress towards convergence among the three pillars of sustainable development?

C - Addressing new and emerging challenges
Experiences
Question 1
What five new and emerging challenges are likely to affect most significantly the prospects for sustainable development in the coming decade? Please rank in order of importance.
Question 2
What mechanisms have been put in place in your country / organization / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group to address these challenges: At the local level? At the national level?
Question 3
In which of these areas has support from the international community been forthcoming? In what areas is new or enhanced international support needed?
Question 4
What new and emerging challenges should be acted upon at UNCSD?

Success Factors
Question 5
What factors explain the successful ability to address new and emerging challenges?
  1. adequate financial resources
  2. strong government leadership
  3. investment in essential infrastructure
  4. dedicated government programmes
  5. literacy and awareness among the population
  6. effective communication systems
  7. availability of data and technical capacity
  8. speed and adequacy of international support
  9. leadership by international organizations
  10. south-south cooperation
  11. regional cooperation


Question 6
What steps have been taken or are under consideration in your country / organization/ the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group to enhance these success factors?

Challenges
Question 7
How can the link between scientific research, education, and policy be strengthened to address the new and emerging challenges, especially those identified above?
Question 8
How can international support be harnessed effectively to address these challenges?

Risks
Question 9
Do the new and emerging challenges pose a fundamental risk to the prospects of economic growth and development in the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group?
Question 10
How can the risks to the poor and other vulnerable populations be addressed?

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