United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT)
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A - Renewed political commitment for sustainable development
Experiences
Question 1
Are there objective ways of measuring political commitment? What are the relevant indicators? Which indicators are most useful from your perspective? (e.g., New legislation enacted, Policy announcements, Budgetary allocation and support, Prominence of relevant institutions, Level of media interest, etc.)
Question 2
Based if possible on these indicators, how would you evaluate the political commitment today to sustainable development in the country(ies)/region(s) of interest to your group, compared to 1992? How would you evaluate the political commitment of the international community compared to 1992?

Success Factors
Question 3
What actions have been introduced in your country or region to strengthen political support for sustainable development?
Question 4
Are there specific industry sectors or resource areas (e.g., water, energy, biodiversity, other) where national political commitment to achieve sustainable development goals has been especially strong? If so, what factors explain that commitment?

Challenges
Question 6
Looking forward to the next 10 years, what are your government?s / organization's highest priorities for accelerating progress towards sustainable development?
Question 7
How can international cooperation strengthen support for sustainable development? What are your expectations for UNCSD in this regard?

Risks
Question 8
Among your country?s senior national policy makers, would you say the predominant view of the three pillars of sustainable development is that: ____there are difficult trade-offs among them? ____ they are strongly complementary? Please briefly elaborate on your answer.

B - Assessing progress and remaining gaps in implementation
Experiences
Question 1
What indicators or information on sustainable development have proven to be most useful for assessing gaps and progress towards sustainable development? Please rank according to importance with 1 = most important. Please also attach or provide a web link to relevant statistical databases.
  1. Economic Indicators (e.g., GDP growth, trade performance)
  2. Comprehensive Indicators (e.g., HDI, MDGs)
  3. Poverty Indicators (e.g., Headcount or other measure)
  4. Environmental Indicators (e.g., ESI, Footprint)
  5. Social Indicators (e.g., Unemployment, life expectancy)
  6. Results of Public Opinion Surveys
  7. Other



Challenges
Question 8
What are the major barriers to implementation?
  1. inadequate coordination between ministries)
  2. low political priority for integrated decision making
  3. problems created by slow growth)
  4. lack of data)
  5. weak enforcement)
  6. inadequate or unpredictable international support)
  7. inadequate public awareness or engagement)
  8. Other)

Question 9
What steps need to be taken to address these barriers in an effort to bridge the implementation gaps?
Question 10
What are the main difficulties experienced in promoting integrated planning and decision-making?
Question 11
What further actions could be taken to promote effective voluntary actions and partnerships?

Risks
Question 12
What are the risks to sustained progress towards convergence among the three pillars of sustainable development?

C - Addressing new and emerging challenges
Experiences
Question 1
What five new and emerging challenges are likely to affect most significantly the prospects for sustainable development in the coming decade? Please rank in order of importance.
Question 2
What mechanisms have been put in place in your country / organization / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group to address these challenges: At the local level? At the national level?
Question 3
In which of these areas has support from the international community been forthcoming? In what areas is new or enhanced international support needed?
Question 4
What new and emerging challenges should be acted upon at UNCSD?

Success Factors
Question 5
What factors explain the successful ability to address new and emerging challenges?
  1. adequate financial resources
  2. strong government leadership
  3. investment in essential infrastructure
  4. dedicated government programmes
  5. literacy and awareness among the population
  6. effective communication systems
  7. availability of data and technical capacity
  8. speed and adequacy of international support
  9. leadership by international organizations
  10. south-south cooperation
  11. regional cooperation


Question 6
What steps have been taken or are under consideration in your country / organization/ the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group to enhance these success factors?

Challenges
Question 7
How can the link between scientific research, education, and policy be strengthened to address the new and emerging challenges, especially those identified above?
Question 8
How can international support be harnessed effectively to address these challenges?

Risks
Question 9
Do the new and emerging challenges pose a fundamental risk to the prospects of economic growth and development in the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group?
Question 10
How can the risks to the poor and other vulnerable populations be addressed?

D - A green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication
Experiences
Question 1
Is there a consensus among policy makers in your country on the meaning of the term green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication? If so, how is it defined? [If relevant, please provide any official publications or analytical studies on the concept of green economy or its operational or social implications, together with a short abstract]

  • What are the main examples of green economy policies that are currently in place in your country? (e.g., government expenditures on green infrastructure, incentives for private investment in green sectors, subsidy reform, pricing of pollution, public procurement, other)
  • Which policies, or types of policy, do you consider to be most effective in promoting a green economy and why?
  • Are poverty and other possible social impacts explicitly considered in the design of green economy policies? If so, how?

Question 2
Are these policies being implemented as part of a coherent green economy, or green growth, strategy?
Question 3
What are the main perceived benefits of implementing a national/regional green economy strategy? Are these benefits being tracked, measured and reported?
Question 4
What economic sectors do you consider to be most important to building a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication?

Success Factors
Question 5
From your own experience, what green economy policies would you rate to be most effective?
Question 6
How have those policies contributed to poverty eradication, sustainable consumption and production, protection of the natural resource base and other sustainable development goals?

Challenges
Question 10
Based on all of the above, what is (are) the key outcome(s) you think could emerge from the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012 with respect to a ?green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication??

E - Institutional framework for sustainable development
Experiences
Question 1
Various changes in the global institutional framework for sustainable development have been discussed. What is the importance of the following avenues for reform? Kindly explain your choices, indicating what concrete measures could be considered in this regard.
Question 7
In your country / organization / the country(ies) of interest to your group, what role have sub-national and local government played in implementing sustainable development since Rio? What role has your group played in such councils?
Question 10
Name the governments/major groups with which your group/government has had the closest collaboration. For each, briefly describe the main features of the collaboration.

Success Factors
Question 11
Are there examples, whether in the sustainable development domain or in related policy domains (e.g., MDGs, other), where an effective institutional framework has contributed to significant positive outcomes at national level? international level?
Question 14
What in your experience have been the most effective means of strengthening major groups? and other stakeholder?s participation in national sustainable development efforts?

Challenges
Question 15
What are the most significant challenges facing international institutions charged with promoting sustainable development?
Question 16
What are the most significant challenges facing national institutions charged with promoting sustainable development your country / in the country(ies) of interest to your group?

Risks
Question 17
What decisions should UNCSD aim to reach on the institutional framework for sustainable development? What are the main risks threatening a successful UNCSD outcome on the institutional framework?

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