Earth Partners Foundation
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A - Renewed political commitment for sustainable development
Experiences
Question 1
Are there objective ways of measuring political commitment? What are the relevant indicators? Which indicators are most useful from your perspective? (e.g., New legislation enacted, Policy announcements, Budgetary allocation and support, Prominence of relevant institutions, Level of media interest, etc.)
Question 2
Based if possible on these indicators, how would you evaluate the political commitment today to sustainable development in the country(ies)/region(s) of interest to your group, compared to 1992? How would you evaluate the political commitment of the international community compared to 1992?

Success Factors
Question 3
What actions have been introduced in your country or region to strengthen political support for sustainable development?
Question 4
Are there specific industry sectors or resource areas (e.g., water, energy, biodiversity, other) where national political commitment to achieve sustainable development goals has been especially strong? If so, what factors explain that commitment?

Challenges
Question 6
Looking forward to the next 10 years, what are your government?s / organization's highest priorities for accelerating progress towards sustainable development?
Question 7
How can international cooperation strengthen support for sustainable development? What are your expectations for UNCSD in this regard?

Risks
Question 8
Among your country?s senior national policy makers, would you say the predominant view of the three pillars of sustainable development is that: ____there are difficult trade-offs among them? ____ they are strongly complementary? Please briefly elaborate on your answer.

B - Assessing progress and remaining gaps in implementation
Experiences
Question 1
What indicators or information on sustainable development have proven to be most useful for assessing gaps and progress towards sustainable development? Please rank according to importance with 1 = most important. Please also attach or provide a web link to relevant statistical databases.
  1. Economic Indicators (e.g., GDP growth, trade performance)
  2. Comprehensive Indicators (e.g., HDI, MDGs)
  3. Poverty Indicators (e.g., Headcount or other measure)
  4. Environmental Indicators (e.g., ESI, Footprint)
  5. Social Indicators (e.g., Unemployment, life expectancy)
  6. Results of Public Opinion Surveys
  7. Other


Question 2
What indicators of integrated goals and strategies have been most useful?

  1. Outcome indicators (e.g., correlation between indicators of economic, social, and environmental change))
  2. Commitment indicators (e.g., fiscal or other support for integrated sustainable development programmes))
  3. Institutional indicators (e.g., use of integrated strategies, establishment of coordination mechanisms, accountability arrangements))
  4. Information-related indicators (e.g., development of analytical and assessment tools, collection of data, investment in research))
  5. Other)



Success Factors
Question 4
What factors explain progress in implementation?

  1. use of integrated strategies)
  2. generalized economic growth and prosperity)

  3. investment in technical and institutional capacity)
  4. financial support from international sources
  5. Other)



Question 6
Are there examples of strong public-private partnerships for sustainable development in your country / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group? How have these been promoted?
Question 7
Is the technical assistance from UN system entities a key factor in explaining success? If so, in what areas or sectors (e.g., MDGs, water, energy, health, agriculture, biodiversity, forests, climate change, jobs, other)?

Challenges
Question 8
What are the major barriers to implementation?
  1. inadequate coordination between ministries)
  2. low political priority for integrated decision making
  3. problems created by slow growth)
  4. lack of data)
  5. weak enforcement)
  6. inadequate or unpredictable international support)
  7. inadequate public awareness or engagement)
  8. Other)

Question 9
What steps need to be taken to address these barriers in an effort to bridge the implementation gaps?
Question 10
What are the main difficulties experienced in promoting integrated planning and decision-making?
Question 11
What further actions could be taken to promote effective voluntary actions and partnerships?

Risks
Question 12
What are the risks to sustained progress towards convergence among the three pillars of sustainable development?

C - Addressing new and emerging challenges
Experiences
Question 1
What five new and emerging challenges are likely to affect most significantly the prospects for sustainable development in the coming decade? Please rank in order of importance.
Question 2
What mechanisms have been put in place in your country / organization / the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group to address these challenges: At the local level? At the national level?
Question 3
In which of these areas has support from the international community been forthcoming? In what areas is new or enhanced international support needed?
Question 4
What new and emerging challenges should be acted upon at UNCSD?

Challenges
Question 7
How can the link between scientific research, education, and policy be strengthened to address the new and emerging challenges, especially those identified above?
Question 8
How can international support be harnessed effectively to address these challenges?

Risks
Question 9
Do the new and emerging challenges pose a fundamental risk to the prospects of economic growth and development in the country(ies) or region(s) of interest to your group?
Question 10
How can the risks to the poor and other vulnerable populations be addressed?

D - A green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication
Risks
Question 11
What is the relationship of green economy policies to other policies and policy domains (e.g., poverty, growth, employment, trade, etc.)? Are there cases of conflict and, if so, how have these been addressed?

E - Institutional framework for sustainable development
Experiences
Question 1
Various changes in the global institutional framework for sustainable development have been discussed. What is the importance of the following avenues for reform? Kindly explain your choices, indicating what concrete measures could be considered in this regard.
Question 2
How can the institutional framework ensure effective synergies between the CSD and other existing inter-governmental instruments and processes, including different multilateral agreements, UN programmes and funds, and regional processes?
Question 4
Does your country / the country(ies) of interest to your group have an active national sustainable development council (NSDC) in place? Yes/No. Do you think an active NSDC could facilitate national preparations for UNCSD? If so, how? Provide contact of Focal Point for country's NSDC.
Question 5
In your assessment, how effective have national sustainable development strategies (NSDS) been in promoting integrated decision making?
Question 6
Has your group been actively involved in developing and/or implementing local agendas 21? If so, where?
Question 7
In your country / organization / the country(ies) of interest to your group, what role have sub-national and local government played in implementing sustainable development since Rio? What role has your group played in such councils?
Question 8
Since the UNCED (Rio) in 1992, has the participation of major groups and other relevant stakeholders in national decision-making processes on sustainable development significantly increased? Yes/No

Success Factors
Question 14
What in your experience have been the most effective means of strengthening major groups? and other stakeholder?s participation in national sustainable development efforts?

Challenges
Question 15
What are the most significant challenges facing international institutions charged with promoting sustainable development?
Question 16
What are the most significant challenges facing national institutions charged with promoting sustainable development your country / in the country(ies) of interest to your group?

Risks
Question 17
What decisions should UNCSD aim to reach on the institutional framework for sustainable development? What are the main risks threatening a successful UNCSD outcome on the institutional framework?

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