International Conference of Mountain Countries on Climate Change
5 Apr 2012 - 6 Apr 2012Government's Strategic Role for Addressing Climate Change in Nepal
Nepal, a well known mountainous country with several high Himalayan peaks, is projected to be seriously impacted by the climate change in the years to come. So, the Government of Nepal has decided to take concrete steps towards mitigation and adaptation measures to adverse impacts of climate change. On 12 June 1992 during the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Nepal participated in the meeting of the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), a global treaty to provide the international framework for managing climate change. The treaty has entered into force on 31 July 1994. Later on 16 September 2005 Nepal has accessed the Kyoto Protocol and entered into force on 14 December 2005. Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) has been assigned to promote and facilitate the activities related to Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in the spirit of the Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol. In line with the national and international commitments, Government of Nepal has accomplished various climate change initiatives including Sustainable Development Agenda, Millennium Development Goals, National Capacity Needs Self Assessment (NCSA), National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA), Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) and Climate Change Policy-2011. Similarly, a 25-member Climate Change Council was also constituted in July 2009 under the Chairmanship of Rt. Hon. Prime Minister as an apex body to provide policy and guidance and to ensure overall coordination on climate change related issues. In April 2010, the Government of Nepal also formed Multi-Stakeholder Climate Change Initiative Coordination Committee (MCCICC) under the Chairmanship of the Secretary of MoEnv. Designated as a focal ministry for climate change and environment issues, the MoEnv has established the Climate Change Management Division which is responsible for overall coordination among stakeholders, and development partners as well as providing policy guidelines.
Concerning Mountain Initiative:
The Mountain Initiative (MI) is a global initiative aimed to cover the common interest of most of mountainous countries and regions. The Initiative is expected to provide a framework within which mountain countries and regions in collaboration with mountain specialized global and regional agencies can work together to understand better the changes occurring in mountains, comprehend the challenges they face as a result of climate and global changes, and launch adaptation and mitigation program jointly. The Initiative will advocate for better attention and action in order to reduce the risk and build resilient mountain communities, while maintaining the vital mountain-based ecosystem services for the welfare of the billions of people living downstream.
The Government of Nepal in collaboration with major development partners attempt to bring the mountain countries from the HKH, Andean, Alpine, Pamir and Atlas regions of the World with the objective of :
» Mobilizing meaningful support and ensuring solidarity to achieve the goal of securing global attention for the sustaining mountain ecosystems and for the well being of global populations;
» Further fulfilling the knowledge gaps and better communicating the anticipated impacts of climate change on mountains communities;
» Promoting the specific concerns of mountain ecosystems and related livelihoods within the ongoing UNFCCC and Rio+20 negotiations;
» Analyzing and documenting specific climate change scenarios and impacts in the mountains as well as surrounding plains.
» Documenting best practices and latest data and information about local knowledge and adaptation practices, and share this with national and international